The last destination of the day was the Wailing Wall. We came back to the Old City of Jerusalem to enter the Jerusalem City Wall through another gate. It is here the Wailing wall is situated. This is the holiest place for Jews.The Temple Mount
The first temple was built by King Solomon at about 950 BC, and was located on the highest point above the Kidron valley - on mount Moriah. As per the Bible (2 Chronicles 3:1: "Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the Lord appeared unto David his father".
The temple was destroyed after the intrusion of Babylonian Nebuchadnezzar II.
During the Byzantine period a large church was built in the 6th C AD in the area of El-Aksa mosque.
Dome of the RockThis magnificent octagon that dominates the Old City
The Wailing Wall / Western Wall
Herod the Great, King of Israel under the Romans (37BC - 4BC), enlarged and rebuilt the second temple, and made it a magnificent temple. After its destruction in 70 AD during the Jewish revolt against the Romans, only a few layers of the grand temple were left, and the Jews were not allowed to rebuild their temple.
For many times during the history the Jews were forbidden to approach the site, or were harassed while doing so, or had to bribe to get into the site.
It is thought by Jews to be the most sacred of places, because the temple itself was thought to be the place where God resides on earth. Praying at the Wailing Wall signifies being in the presence of the Divine. Jews from all countries, and as well as tourists of other religious backgrounds, come to pray at the wall, where it is said one immediately has the “ear of god.” Those who cannot pray at the wall can send prayers or ask for the Kaddish to be said for departed loved ones. Prayers sent in are placed into the cracks of the walls and are called tzetzels. There is usually a small charge for this service.
The name "Wailing Wall" is actually a Christian term. The Jews refer to the wall as the Western Wall or Kotel.
When we reached the wall it was so crowded that we could hear weeps all over. We could not go very close to the wall. We could see many Jews with long beard dressed in the traditional outfit. We were a bit surprised to see soldiers all over. Later we were told that the soldiers were let to worship on that day. Here I would like to mention something about the soldiers we saw all over here. They, both men and women, are very young. We could understand that military service is compulsory in Israel.----------
Temple Mount and Dome of The Rock